Introduction to EasyBuild¶
What is EasyBuild?¶
EasyBuild is a software build and installation framework that manages (scientific) software in an efficient way, without compromising on performance. EasyBuild is especially tailored towards High Performance Computing (HPC) systems, and provides a command-line interface to facilitate the installation and management of a scientific software stack.
EasyBuild as a project was conceived in 2008 by the HPC team at Ghent University (Belgium). The first public release of EasyBuild was made available early 2012. EasyBuild v1.0.0 was released in November 2012, during the Supercomputing 2012 conference.
Following the public release and the project's introduction into the HPC community, other sites started to use EasyBuild and actively contribute to the project. Over the years EasyBuild has grown into a community project, which is used and developed by hundreds of HPC centres and consortia worldwide.
EasyBuild in a nutshell¶
EasyBuild intends to relieve HPC support teams from manually managing software installations while at the same time providing a consistent and well performing scientific software stack to end users of HPC systems.
It serves as a uniform interface for installing scientific software and saves valuable time (and frustration) by the automation of tedious, boring and repetitive tasks.
In addition, EasyBuild can empower scientific researchers to self-manage their software stack, and it can serve as a tool that can be leveraged for building optimized container images.
The project has grown to become a platform for collaboration among HPC sites worldwide, and has become an "expert system" for installing scientific software on HPC systems.
EasyBuild is capable of fully autonomously installing (scientific) software, including making sure that all necessary dependencies are installed, and automatically generating environment module files.
No admin privileges are required: it is sufficient to have write permissions to the preferred software installation prefix.
EasyBuild is highly configurable via configuration files, environment variables, and command line options. The functionality can be dynamically extended via plugins, and hooks are available for further site-specific customizations.
EasyBuild supports using a custom module naming scheme, allows for hierarchical module naming schemes, and integrates with various other tools ranging from resource managers (Slurm and GC3Pie), container tools (Singularity and Docker), packaging tools (FPM), and so on.
EasyBuild was created specifically for installing scientific software on HPC systems, which is reflected in some of the design choices that were made.
EasyBuild strongly prefers to build software from source code, whenever possible.
This is important to ensure that the binaries that are installed can maximally exploit the capabilities of the system architecture on which the software will be run.
For that same reason, EasyBuild optimizes software for the processor architecture of the build host
by default, via compiler options like
-xHost (Intel compilers), etc.
This behaviour can be changed via the
--optarch configuration setting.
In addition to performance, reproducibility of installations is a core aspect of EasyBuild.
Most software installations performed with EasyBuild use a particular compiler toolchain,
with which we aim to be in control over the build environment and avoid relying on tools and libraries
provided by the operating system. For similar reasons, we try to provide all required dependencies through EasyBuild as well,
with a few notable exceptions, like
OpenSSL for security reasons, and Infiniband and GPU drivers which
are too closely intertwined with the operating system.
For both toolchains and dependencies, fixed software versions are specified in the easyconfig files. That way, easyconfig files can easily be shared with others: if they worked for you it is very likely that they will work for others too, because the vast majority of the software stack is controlled by EasyBuild.
In a number of different ways, we try to encourage EasyBuild users to collaborate and help each other out.
We actively recommend people to report problems and bugs, to submit ideas for additional features and improvements, and to contribute back when possible, by opening pull requests to the GitHub repositories or the documentation.
intel common toolchains,
we try to focus the efforts of the EasyBuild community a bit to specific toolchains,
which increases the usefulness of the easyconfig files we collect in the central repository.
Last but not least, EasyBuild provides various GitHub integration features that greatly facilitate the contribution process: opening, updating, and testing pull requests, reviewing incoming contributions, and much more can all be done directly from the EasyBuild command line. This not only saves time, effort, brain cycles, and mouse clicks for contributors, but it also makes the review process for maintainers significantly easier. All together this leads to improved stability and consistency.
What EasyBuild is not¶
EasyBuild is not YABT (Yet Another Build Tool): it does not replace established build
tools like CMake or
make, it wraps around them.
If the installation procedure of a software package involves running some unholy trinity of tools while whispering
the correct magic incantations, EasyBuild automates this process for you.
It is not a replacement for traditional Linux package managers like
EasyBuild relies on certain tools and libraries provided by the operating system. This includes glibc, OpenSSL,
drivers for Infiniband and GPUs, and so on. It is required that these tools are installed and managed by other means.
This is typically done via the package management tool that comes with your Linux distribution.
Finally, EasyBuild is not a magic solution to all your (software installation) problems. You may, and probably still will occasionally, run into compiler errors unless somebody has already taken care of the problem for you.